Tre cimiteri storici di Livorno sabato, Nov 7 2009 

La mappa che si trova più sotto illustra la posizione dei tre principali cimiteri storici di Livorno studiati per questo progetto di ricerca: i due cimiteri inglesi (vecchio e nuovo) e il cimitero Olandese-Alemanno. Il vecchio cimitero inglese è probabilmente il più vecchio d’Italia ed era molto  (altro…)

Leghorn / Livorno mercoledì, Ott 21 2009 

I’d like to point out some of the main regions and cities on which the research is focused, starting from Livorno/Leghorn.

Livorno_Medit_dot

Leghorn position in the Mediterranean Sea

The Tyrrenian Sea and the Gulf of Lion

The Tyrrhenian Sea and the Gulf of Lion (click to zoom)

The most significant event at the origin of the population of Leghorn by foreign merchants is the emanation of the “Livornine” laws and Constitution by the Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando I dé Medici between 1590 and 1603. These laws made Leghorn a free-port (duty-free zone) and attracted a great number of merchants who were also granted freedom of religion and amnesty. The 1593 Constitution was purposedly addressed to Jews but its effects regarded all kinds of merchants (Dutch, English, French, Greeks, Raguseans, Armenians, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Danish…).

(work in progress)